Niagara Falls Facts

Here are some great Niagara Falls facts that may astound you and your friends.

Did you know the location of Niagara Falls in terms of where the water comes from and where it ends up? The water flows from Lake Erie to the Niagara River to Lake Ontario down the St. Lawrence River and ends up in the Atlantic Ocean.  The Niagara River is a natural boarder for the United States and Canada and Niagara Falls can be seen from either side.

where is niagara falls located
Niagara Falls fills up 50 Olympic sized swimming pools every minute!

Did you know that water flows over the falls at a speed of 28,317,000litres/sec or 100,000 cubic ft/sec during the height of tourist season? Compare that to a fireman's hose that forces water at 10,500 cubic ft/sec. The powerful falls could light up 24 million 100 watt light bulbs at once, or fill 50 Olympic sized swimming pools every minute!

Now those are some cool Niagara Falls facts.

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How high is Niagara Falls?

The falls are made up of three different waterfalls. 

  • Horseshoe Falls that are located in Canada
  • American Falls located in the United States
  • Bridal Veil Falls located in the United States 

The Canadian Horseshoe Falls crest line is approximately 670m (2,200ft).  It is 57m (188ft) high as it drops into the Lower Niagara River.

The American and Bridal Veil Falls have a total crest line of about 326m(1,100ft). Its height is 57m(188ft). The broken rock at the bottom of the American and Bridal Veil Falls is called talus. This talus reduces the interrupted fall of the water to as little as 21m (70ft).  The American Falls and Bridal Veil Falls both drop into the Niagara River as well.

That is why when you look at the different falls you notice that the Canadian Horseshoe Falls seems so much taller, when actually it is just the rocks (talus) at the bottom of the American Falls that create the illusion.

how high is Niagara Falls
How tall is Niagara Falls

Did you know that if you see a brown foam at the base of Niagara Falls it is nothing to worry about? As we learned previous the water comes from Lake Erie and the basin of Lake Erie is very shallow. The brown foam that is sometimes at the bottom of Niagara Falls is the clay deposits that have been carried over the falls.

Ever wonder how was Niagara Falls formed?  Niagara Falls has eroded 7 miles over 12,500 years The falls was originally located at Queenston/Lewiston.  Click the link to learn more.

How deep is Niagara Falls?

Niagara Falls facts state that Niagara Falls is 52m or 170ft deep.  Did you know that is as high as the falls themselves?!! The plunge pool at the base of the Horseshoe Falls is the deepest point on the Niagara River; which when you see the falls it makes sense.  Water pounding that hard for that long is bound to erode anything at the bottom.

What is at the bottom of Niagara Falls?  On the American falls and Bridal Veil Falls you find rock (talus) and on the Canadian Horseshoe Falls you find the huge plunge pool that I just talked about above.  Of course there is fish as well.  Wondering...do fish go over the falls?

Niagara Falls facts are everywhere, but did you know...

goat island niagara falls

90% of the water flowing from the Niagara River flows over the Horseshoe Falls? Goat Island separates the water from going over the American/Bridal Veil Falls and the Canadian Horseshoe Falls.

Did you know that a man named Charles Blondin walked over Niagara Falls on a tight rope? It sounds crazy, but he did it several times and several different ways.

Did you know that 100% of the Horseshoe Falls is in Canada and 100% of the American and Bridal Veil Falls is located in the United States?

Luna Island

The island separating the American and Bridal Veil Falls is called Luna Island. One of my sons loves these Niagara Falls facts. He was especially interested in Luna Island, wondering how long before it erodes away?

Did you know there are 500 other waterfalls in the world taller than Niagara Falls? Some have little water flowing over them. The attraction of Niagara Falls is the amount and speed of the water.

Did you know that Niagara Falls froze once? It is true. In the mid 1800's Niagara Falls was reduce to a trickle.

Well these Niagara Falls facts sure did astound me. I was even more excited to share them with my kids to see their reactions. I think the favorite fact was how deep is Niagara Falls.  That one really "wowed" them.

I do hope you had fun learning some Niagara Falls facts.  Don't forget to subscribe to my free monthly  newsletter to hear more fun facts and tips and tricks for Niagara Falls Canada.

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